on the tri-angular junction of the Tōkaidō Main Line & the Sanin
Main Line and opened in April 2016, it houses JR West's collection of
historic stock from both the former Umekōji Steam Locomotive &
Ōsaka's Modern Transportation Museums
KYŌTO RAILWAY MUSEUM
The railway museum in Kyōto, which opened on 29 April this year, is the result of amalgamating the existing collections at Umekōji (Kyōto) (for which see Bullet-In No. 83, p.32-35, article by Des Hill on Umekōji, and our chairman Richard Tremaine’s report on his visit there in Nov 2014 and, much earlier, John Smith’s 2000 article in Bulletin-In 34,p28) and at Bentenchō (Ōsaka), which is now closed. The new museum occupies the same site as before at Umekōji, and on 20 May I walked there in about 20 minutes (Richard seems to have taken only 15!) from Kyōto station, which was completely rebuilt in the 1990s. Exit the station on the north side, head west along the Shichi-jō Dōri, and you will find it well signposted.
Adult entrance fee is ¥1200, quite steep for a Japanese museum, but understandable when you see what it must have cost. It was pretty crowded, with a long queue for the restaurant, which I didn’t need. There was some space outside with tables and chairs, which I thought inadequate for the number of visitors, and not much seating inside.
The oldest British locomotive I saw was a “British railway vehicle for gradient use”, type 1800 tank, made in the UK by Kitson of Leeds in 1881, which later on was sold to the Toyo rayon factory and was in use until 1964. An early example of a home-made locomotive is the oldest mass-produced Columbia type tank from 1903, manufactured by Kisha Seizo Kaisha (here spelled “Kwaisha”, as often) in Ōsaka: this and no doubt several others, is a designated important national treasure. The roundhouse includes the 2-6- 0 loco made by H.K. Porter of Pittsburgh, PA. in 1880, known as Yoshitsune; a C62 from 1948, the largest passenger steam loco; and a tank loco from 1901 made by converting it from a British-made tender. There are also several electric locos, the oldest I saw being an EF52 by Hitachi from 1928. The main hall includes a level-crossing, complete with flashing red light and bell, a reconstruction of a Meiji period station, and a replica of James Watt’s steam engine. The history, right back to 1872, is well covered in various exhibits, with captions in Japanese and partly in English, and the whole business of railway operation is comprehensively explained in all its aspects, from driver training to electric traction with direct and alternating current. I didn’t have time to go up to Level 3, where there is a “sky terrace” with a fine view over Kyōto, to judge from the souvenir book, which I bought in the museum shop for ¥1000. Well worth a visit when you are in Kyōto.
Earlier I spent three or four days in Kyūshū, and despite the April earthquake in Kumamoto prefecture, which sadly caused severe damage to Kumamoto castle alongside the human cost, on 17 May rode the shinkansen from Kagoshima (dep. 14:30) to Hakata (arr. 16:51) on a temporary timetable, which took about 45 minutes longer than usual. Clearly the engineers had worked hard to repair the track in time for the extended Golden Week holiday at the end of April.
features of the Twilight Plaza are two electric locomotives of a
semi-streamlined EF58 150 built in 1958 by Tōshiba and EF81-1 built in
1974 by Hitachi. The EF58, 2C+C2, was a DC electric used to be the main
force of passenger trains before the EMU era and served main lines in
the all parts of DC electrified territory, starting with the Tōkiado
Main Line. The EF81, Bo-Bo-Bo, is an AC-DC dual voltage locomotive that
is capable of running through three different electrification
territories (20kV 60 Hz AC, 1500V DC and 20kV 50 Hz AC). The EF81-1
exhibited is in the special livery of the Twilight Express which used
to run along the Sea of Japan coast corridor between Ōsaka and Sapporo.
A site in the
main building area seeing a combination of freight cars, a brake van of
Yo-5008 and a van type goods wagon of Wamu 3500, with an assortment of
level crossing equipment in front.
#233, a 2-4-2 Tank, exhibited in the main building area. This
locomotive was a member of the historic type 230 series, which was the
first domestically mass-produced steam. 51 sets of this standardized
steam were produced between 1903 and 1906.
from the upstairs in the main building area are three sets of control
cab cars from the left; the 500 series Shinkansen, Kuhane-581-15
sleeper EMU and Kuha 489-1 AC EMU.
historic steam locomotive exhibited in the main building area is #40,
0-6-0 Tank, a member of type 1800 series imported in 1881 from the
Great Britain. In favour of its superior performance, some tens of this
type were introduced and used all over the country, particularly on
main lines that included tough grading sections.