This museum has now closed, and its collections combined with the new Kyōto Railway Museum
The Osaka Modern Transportation Museum had railway and other exhibits.
The Osaka Modern Transportation Museum was at Bentencho station on the Osaka loop line (JR).
The following locomotives were on display:
1801 (40), 233, "Yoshitsune", C62-26, D51-2, EF52-1, DD13-638, DF50-18, DD54-33, units and shinkansen cars.
In addition there were exhibits, simulators, model railway, maglev, a shop and restaurant.
Outside exhibits, pictured, are now covered over.
Also history of planes, ships and cars.
Wikipedia web page